Dogs and Toxic plants in Australia – list of plants you don’t want near your dog!

Dogs and Toxic Plants in Australia

Brunfelsia also known as Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. Photo: Philipp Weigell CC-BY-3.0

Small animal Veterinarian, Dr Anne Fawcett was interviewed recently for a Pets4Life podcast about the common animal emergencies she sees in her clinic. Dogs and toxic plants in Australia was one of the many things Dr Fawcett talked about in the podcast. She mentions a plant Brunfelsia also known as Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. This pretty flower causes serious illness including seizures in dogs.

Dr Chris Brown is also passionate about keeping dogs safe from toxic plants and other dangers in his guide to a dog-friendly backyard.

Keep your pet safe from toxic plants and household poisons is the topic of our three-part blog series.

Part one in our series is ‘Dogs and Toxic Plants in Australia’.  While researching into toxic plants and possible effects in dogs, Kevin Crawshaw discovered there are many dangerous plants out there, which are mostly introduced species.  The 21 plants in Kevin’s list appear to be commonly found in Australian suburban gardens, indoor plants and outdoor areas. Our list is a guide only and by no means fully comprehensive. Check out the resources below.

Generally, with a little investigation, and good common sense your canine friend will remain safe from toxic plants and enjoy exploring their world.  Ask the vet if you’re unsure about the plants in your home.

Dogs and toxic plants in Australia list

Scientific NameCommon Name(s)Possible effect on your dog
Apocynum Cannabinum (American) (NOT to be confused with European Plectranthus Caninus)American Dogbane is extremely dangerous, but European version is simply a mild repellent to dogsCardiac Arrest
Convallaria MajalisLily of the ValleyVomiting, diarrhoea, a drop in heart rate, severe cardiac arrhythmias, and possibly seizures
Daphne SppDaphneVomiting, diarrhoea, internal bleeding and possible rapid death
BrunfelsiaYesterday, Today and TomorrowSalivation, vomiting, diarrhoea, muscle tremors and seizures
Tradescantia albifloraWandering JewAllergic skin reaction which can lead to rashes and calluses
Madagascar jasmineStephanotisPossible death after eating the seed pods
BrugmansiaAngels TrumpetBehavioural changes, vomiting, breathing and heart rate changes, tremors, etc and can lead to death
Eupatorium rugosumWhite Snakeroot‘Tremors’ with dangerous cumulative intake
Laburnum anagyroidesGolden Chain, LaburnumSleeping, vomiting, convulsions (death is rare)
Lantana camaraLantana, Red Sage, Yellow Sage, West Indian Lantana, Shrub VerbenaVomiting, diarrhoea, weakness and possible liver failure
Nerium OleanderOleanderVomiting, diarrhoea, drooling, drowsiness and can lead to heart issues
Urtica spp. (Australian species is Laportea)Stinging NettlesCan be extremely painful when touched
Cycas revolutaSago Palm, King Sago, Sago Cycad, Japanese Sago PalmExtremely poisonous with one seed leading to diarrhoea, drooling, vomiting, black (bloody) stools and possible death
Gelsemium sempervirensYellow jasmine, Carolina Jessamine, WoodbineStaggering, weakness, shivering, laboured breathing, double vision, paralysis and/or death.
Digitalis purpureaFoxgloveDiarrhoea, low irregular heartbeat, drowsiness, loss of appetite, convulsions.
Hydrangea macrophyllaHydrangeaAcute gastro-enteritis, but dogs will recover.
Ilex sppHollyEating berries can lead to gastro-enteritis, unconciousness, dizzyness, vomiting.
Macadamia sppMacadamia nut4 to 5 nuts can be lethal to a dog. Posterior paralysis, recumbency, muscle tremor.
Rhododendron sppRhododendron, AzaleaLoss of appetite, repeated swallowing, excessive salivation, nasal discharge, bloating or vomiting, abdominal pain, frequent defecation. Dogs can recover but can also be lethal
Hedera helixEnglish IvyDiarrhoea, vomiting, laboured breathing, nervous disorders, and convulsions.
Euphorbia sppSpurge, Milkweed, Poinsettia, Caustic bushNausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, delirium. Latex causes dermatitis, caustic to the skin and eyes, causing temporary blindness. Fruits are purgative and toxic.

More resources on dogs and toxic plants in Australia

http://agriculture.vic.gov.au/pets/dogs/dog-health/toxic-plants-for-dogs
https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control/toxic-and-non-toxic-plantshttp://www.weeds.mangrovemountain.net/dogs.html
http://www.petpoisonhelpline.com/poisons/
https://www.rspcansw.org.au/learn/pet-hazards/toxic-plants-for-pets

If your dog shows any signs of illness, take your dog to the vet immediately!